Brainwashing vs. Mind Control
Brainwashing and Mind-control are different techniques, but produce similar results.
Brainwashing is performed by captors holding prisoners under duress. There is always a clear enemy captor and a clear victim held against their will, who is subject to brainwashing tactics. Real live examples of brainwashing include some of the U.S. forces held captive during the Korean War, the Stockholm Syndrome victims, and the experiences of Elizabeth Smart.
In Contrast, Mind Control is much more subtle, and is a form of addiction. In fact, the word "addiction" is derived from a Latin term for "enslaved by" or "bound to."
Robert Jay Lifton is an American psychiatrist who studied Thought Reform (Mind Control & Brainwashing) his whole career. Learn more here...
With Mind Control, there is no clear adversarial captor. The relationship starts and appears normal in the beginning. However, the victim of a mind-control group over time loses their personal identity and can no longer make decisions autonomously. Soon the group starts making life decisions for the individual, and through shame management takes over the individual's self-worth. What the group thinks of the individual becomes more important than what the individual thinks about them self. So long as the individual is succeeding at the group game, they are of high worth. If they don't play the group game correctly they feel personal shame and low self-worth.
Group members under this influence often will have given tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars, or all of their possessions to the group and not be able to quantify any benefit beyond social acceptance that they have received in exchange.
Another significant characteristic of mind-control is that members under this influence are typically unable to express any negative attributes about the group or leaders, when asked.
You'll see group members putting the group before their own families or children's needs, in terms of money and time.
Mind-controlled Groups are Safe & Happy Places,
from the Inside.
One common element of all mind control groups is the progressive devaluation of the identify of an individual in exchange for the group identity.
They indoctrinate members by reassuring them "We are happy. They are not." Be grateful you are with us, we enjoy a happiness that outsiders could never understand or match. Thus, the member is led along with a carrot of happiness, to distance themselves from their ability to reason as an individual, and to emotionally and sometimes physically distance them self from anyone not in the group.
Without exception, all mind-control groups create an "us" vs. "them" world.
A student of Robert J. Lifton, Steven Hassan wrote a book on the BITE Model of Cult Mind Control. Behavior Control, Information Control, Thought Control, and Emotional Control.